Riferimenti bibiliografici

AA.VV. - 1996 - Liquid fuels and industrial products from renewable resources. Proceedings of the third Liquid Fuel Conference - 15-16 settembre 1996, Nashville, Tennessee.

Ahmed I, Clements L.D., Van Dyne D.L. - 1997 - Non fuel Industrial uses of soybean oil based esters. Presented to National Biodiesel Board.

ARB Ottobre 2000, Air Resources Board - California EPA - Proposed risk reduction plan for diesel fueled engines and vehicles.

Arcoumanis C., 2000. A Technical study on fuels technology related to the Auto-oil II Programme. Final report. Volume II: Alternative fuels. Dicembre 2000

Arcoumanis C, 1999. Emission factors of alternative fuels for transportation. Bechel Ltd.

Clements D.L, 1996. Blending rules for formulating biodiesel fuel. University of Nebraska. ASAE

Connemann J., Fischer J. - 1999 - Biodiesel quality 2000. Market experiences with FAME - CEN/TC 19 millennium symposion Nov 1999.

De Stefanis P., Di palo C., Montani R. Zagaroli M., Di Palo V., Rotatori M. - Emissioni da combustione di biodiesel in una caldaia da riscaldamento.

DOE - NREL 1998. Life cycle inventory of biodiesel and petroleum diesel for use in an urban bus. NREL/SR-580-24089 UC 1503

Fosseen, 1994, DDC 6V-71N Emission testing on diesel and biodiesel blend. NSDB Contract n. 219-1; Final report per National Soydiesel Development Board.

Hauschild M. and Wenzel H., 1998 - Enviornmental assessment products. Volume 2: Scientific background. Chapter 2: stratospheric ozone depletion as a criterion in the enviornmental assessment of products. Chapman and Hall, London.

Heijungs R. et al., 1992 - Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of products. Netherlands: Center for Environmental Science; (CLM)

Krahl J, Munack A., Bahadir M., Schumacher L., Elser N., 1996. Survey about biodiesel exhaust emissions and their environmental effects. ASAE, proceedings of the third liquid fuel conference. September 1996.

Krahl J, Bunger J., Munack A., Bahadir M., Jeberien H.E., Schutt C., Prieger K., 1996. Analyses of biodiesel exhaust emissions and determination of environmental and health effects. ASAE, proceedings of the third liquid fuel conference. September 1996.

Moreno F., Munoz M., Morea-Roy J. 1999 - Sunflower Methyl ester as a fuel for automobile diesel engines. ASAE

Peterson C., Reece D., Hammond B., Thompson J., Beck S. 1995. Making and testing a biodiesel fuel made from ethanol and waste french fry oil. Idaho Department of Water Resources Report.

Peterson C.L., Reece D.L., Hammond B.L., Thompson J., Beck S.M., 1997. Processing, characterisation and performance of eight fuels from lipids. University of Idaho, department of agricultural engineering.

Peterson C.L., Hammond B.L., Reece D.L., 1996. Engine performance and emissions with Methyl and Ethyl esters of rapeseed oil. University of Idaho.

Prankl H., Worgetter M. 1996. Influence of the iodine number of biodiesel to the engine performance. ASAE 1996.

PSA Peugeot - Citroen, 1998. International liquid biofuels congress. The comment of PSA to Biodiesel. Curitiba, Parana, Brasile Luglio 1998.

Schlag S., 2000. New market for biodiesel in modern common rail diesel engines. Graz University of Technology.

Scharp C., 1998. Exhaust emissions and performance of diesel engines with biodiesel fuels. Southwest research institute.

Taberiski J.S., Peterson C.L., 1998. Dynamometer emissions test comparison on a 5.9L direct injected diesel powered pickup.

Thompson J.C., Peterson C.L., Reece D.L., Beck S.M., 1996 - Two year storage study with Methyl and Ethyl Esters of Rapeseed. 1996. University of Idaho.

Van Gerpen J., 1996. Cetane number testing of biodiesel. ASAE 1996

Biodegradabilità e tossicità

ASTM. 1993. Standard guide for conducting acute toxicity tests with fishes, macro invertebrates, and amphibians. Designation: E 729-88, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 11.04, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.

ASTM. 1991 Standard Guide for Conducting Static Toxicity Tests with Lemna gibba. Designation: E 1415-91, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.

ASTM. 1993. Standards on Acquatic Toxicology and Hazard Evaluation. Practice for Algal Growth Potential Testing with Selenastrum capricornutum

Biodegradability in the acquatic environment

Birchall C., Newman J., Greaves M.,1995 "Degradation and Phytotoxicity of Biodiesel oil"

Cheng, V.M., Wessol A., Baudouin P., BenKinney M.T., and Novick N.J. . 1991. Biodegradable and nontoxic hydraulic oils. Presented at the 42nd annual SAE Earthmoving Industry Conference and Exposition in Peoria, II.

Cole, Mattney.1993 "Assesment and remediation of petroleum conteminated sites". Lewis Publishers:38-57

EPA (560/6-82-003).1982. Test guidelines: chemical fate--aerobic acquatic biodegradation. Office of Toxic Substances of Pesticides and Toxic Substances. U.S. EPA, Washington D.C.

Lyman, W.J., Reehl,W.F. and Rosenblatt, D.H.. 1990. "Handbook of chemical property estimation methods - Environmental behavior of organic compounds". American Chemical Society, Washington, DC

Lockhart W.L., Danell R.W. , Murray D.A J. 1984. Acute toxicity bioassays with petroleum products: influence of exposure conditions. Proceedings of the Symposium of Oil Pollution in Freshwater, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

OECD.1984. Algal Growth Inhibition Test, Guideline 201

OECD.1984. Daphnia sp. Acute Immobilisation Test, Guideline 202

OECD. 1984. Fish, Prolonged Toxicity Test, Guideline 204

OECD. 1982. Fish, Acute Toxicity Test, Guideline 203

Peterson, C. L. (editor). 1997. "Commercialization of Biodiesel: Environmental and Health Benefits". Proceedings of a biodiesel conference. National Center for Advanced Transportation Technology, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844.

Peterson C., Reece D., 1994."Toxicology, Biodegradability and Environmental Benefits of Biodiesel".

Peterson C. , 1996 "The Effect of Biodiesel on Biodegradation: Aquatic Toxicity, Acute Oral and Dermal Toxicity with Animals "

Pitter, Pavel and Chudoba. 1990. "Biodegradability of organic substances in the aquatic environment". CRC Press pp167

Reece, D. Zhang, X. Peterson, C. 1996."Environmental and Health effects of Biodiesel". Proceedings of the third liquid fuel conference, 15-17 September 1996, Nashville, Tennessee:166-176


Randall von Wedel "Marine Biodiesel, 1999, prepared for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, US DOE

Sagrans M., 1998, "The Regulation of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Feedstocks in Aquatic Environments"

Sanders G., Turner K, 1995. "Is Biodiesel Production Economically Viable in the UK ?"

University of Idaho and WIL Research ,1996 "Acute Oral Toxicity Study of 100% rapeseed ethyl ester"

University of Idaho - College of Agriculture , 1996 "Ethyl Ester Process Scale-Up and Biodegradability of Biodiesel"

Weber C.I. 1993. Methods for measuring the acute aquatic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to freshwater and marine organisms. EPA1600/4-90/027F. Office of Research and Development, Washington DC 20460

Weber J.A., Howell S., Hammond S. , 1997 "Biodiesel Marine Marketing Opportunities: Successes and Challenges in the Chesapeake Bay "

Will Research Laboratories,1996 "Acute Dermal Toxicity Study of 100% REE in Albino Rabbits"

Womac, A.R., Strange, R.J., Crouch, J.A., and Easterly, C. 1996. Power, Emissions, and Bioresponse of Biodiesel in a Marine Environment. Report prepared for the National Biodiesel Board by the Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.

Zhang, X., Peterson C.L., Reece D., Moller G., Haws R., 1995. Biodegradability of biodiesel in the aquatic environment. ASAE Paper No. 956742. St. Joseph, MI: ASAE

Zhang, X, Peterson C.L., Reece D., Haws R., Moller G., 1998. Biodegradability of Biodiesel in the aquatic environment. Transactions of the ASAE 41(5):1423-1430.



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