Tabella A - Resa colture oleaginose

Tabella A
Rese medie (% di olio in peso sul seme) di alcune colture oleaginose

Torna

Famiglia

Genere e specie

Nomi comuni
Ing-Ita

Regione

Quantità di olio estraibie

Acnaceae

Lophira alata

-

-

Solv: 40%

Anacardiaceae

Buchanania latifolia

-

India

Semi interi, solv:45%;
Mandorle, solv: 58-61%

Rhus spp.

-

Giappone, India

Frutto intero solv: 20-29%;
Parte carnosa solv: 41-43%;
Interno del semesolv: 25-40%

Aristolochiaceae

Aristolochia macrophylla (Syn. sipho)

Broad-leaved Birthwort - Dutchman's Pipe

USA

Solv: 3,9%

Asteraceae Carthamus tinctorius Safflower - False saffron - Cartamo - -
Helianthus annuus Sunflower - Girasole Europa Solv:40%

Bombacaceae

Ceiba pentandra

Kapok tree - silk-cotton tree

Messico, Giava, Brasile, Africa tropicale, India

Solv: 19-30%

Burseraceae

Canarium commune

Java almond - mandorla di Giava

Giava

Press: 56,12%; solv: 65,73%

Canarium poliphyllum

-

Nuova Guinea

Solv: 69,6%

Cariocaraceae

Caryocar tomentosum

-

Brasile, Perù

Solv: 63%

Cucurbitaceae

Hodgsonia Kadam

-

Sumatra

Solv: 68,7%

Momordica cochichinensis

-

-

Solv: 47%; Press: 40%

Cruciferae o Brassicaceae

 

Crambe abyssinica Hochst Crambe - 30%
Brassica napus var. oleifera Rape seed - Colza - Canola Europa, Canada, Asia Solv:38%
Dipterocarpaceae

Shorea spp.

Engkebang nut - Illipe nuts

Borneo

Press: 40%

Vateria indica

Dammar

India

Semi essicati solv: 50%

Euphorbiaceae

Sapium sebiferum

Tallow nut

Cina, India, Ceylon

Solv: 60%

Ricinus communis Castorbeans - Ricino - -

Flacourtiacea

Hydnocarpus alcalae

-

-

Semi interi solv: 40%;
Mandorle essicate solv: 65%

Hydnocarpus alpina

-

India, Ceylon

Press: 50%; Solv: 62,5%

Hydnocarpus venenata

-

India

Solv: 63,7%

Oncoba echinata

-

Africa

Solv: 48%

Hynocarpus anthelmintica

-

-

Semi interi, solv: 20,4%

Guttiferae

Allanblackia floribunda

Tallow tree

Congo, Angola

Semi interi solv: 47%
Semi sbucciati solv: 65-72%

Allanblackia Sacleuxii

-

Angola

Solv: 70%

Allanblackia Stuhlmannii

-

Africa

Semi interi solv: 55%;
Mandorla solv: 67-68%

Garcinia Cambogia

-

India

Solv: 31%

Garcinia indica

Kokam butter tree

India

Semi secchi solv: 30%

Pentadesma butyracea

Tallow tree - Butter tree - Candle tree - Black mango

Liberia, Sierra Leone

Solv: 56-60%

Lauraceae

Acrodiclidium Mahuba

-

Brasile

Solv: 65%

Cinnamomum camphora

-

Asia orientale, Giappone

Solv: 42,4%

Cylicodaphne sebifera

-

Giava, Indocina

Parte carnosa solv: 36%;
Buccia del seme solv: 5%;
Mandorla solv: 59%

Laurus nobilis

-

Zona mediterranea

Drupa fresca solv: 16%;
Tegumento solv: 26%;
Parte interna solv: 12%

Litsea spp.

-

Asia tropicale, Australia

Solv: 33-61%

Nectandra Wane

-

America

Semi essiccati solv: 55%

Leguminosae

Adenanthera pavonina

Barbados pride - Coral tree - Red sanderswood

Asia, Africa, America tropicale

Solv: 25-30%

Glicine Soja

Soia - Soy bean - Soja bean Estremo oriente, America, Brasile 18%
Limnanthaceae Limnanthes alba Benth. Meadowfoam - White foam Stati Uniti 20-30%

Magnogliaceae

Michelia Champaca

-

India

Semi essiccati solv: 32%

Meliaceae

Carapa microcarpa

-

Costa d'Avorio

Semi interi solv: 35%;
Mandorle, solv: 50%

Carapa procera

-

Africa

Semi interi solv: 23-36%;
Mandorla solv: 63%

Trichilia emetica

-

Africa

Solv: 58%

Trichilia subcordata

-

Africa

Buccia solv: 37%;
Mandorla solv: 56%

Miricaceae

Myrica cerifera

-

-

Estrazione acqua calda: 20-25%

Miristicaceae

Gymnacranthera canarica

-

India

Semi interi solv: 49%;
Semi sbucciatisolv: 65%

Myristica fragrans

Nutmeg

-

Noci intere press: 24-30%;
Mandorla solv: 70%

Myristica malabarica

-

India

Seme solv: 40%;Arillo solv: 63%

Myristica Otoba

-

Columbia

Solv: 62%

Myristica platysperma

-

Brasile

Semi interisolv: 33%;
Mandorlasolv: 55-59%

Ochocoa gabonii

-

-

Seme intero solv: 59%;
Mandorla solv: 70%

Pychnanthus Kombo

-

Africa, Sierra Leone, Angola

Solv: 56%

Virola bicuhyba

-

Brasile

Seme intero solv: 60%;
Mandorla solv: 70%

Virola Guatemalensis

-

Guatemala

Seme intero solv: 52%;
Mandorla solv: 61%

Virola sebifera

-

America, Guiana

Virola Surinamensis

-

Isole di Capo Verde

Semi sgusciati solv: 73%

Virola Venezuelensis

-

Venezuela

Semi interi solv: 62%;
Mandorla solv: 75%

Palmae - Arecaceae

Acrocomia sclerocarpa

Gru gru nut

-

Parte carnosa solv: 10%;
Seme sgusciato solv: 60%

Areca Catechu

Betel nut - Areca nut

Asia orientale

Solv: 53%

Astrocaryum Jauary

-

Brasile

Pericarpo solv: 45%;
Interno della noce solv: 21%

Astrocaryum murumuru

-

-

Solv: 35-45%

Astrocaryum vulgare

-

Brasile

Parte carnosa solv: 36%;
Polpa del seme solv: 35%

Attalea cohune

Cohune nut

Honduras

Nocciolo solv: 65-72%;
Parte carnosa solv: 9-20%

Attalea excelsa

-

-

Mand. senza tegum. solv: 75%;
Tegumento solv: 54%

Attalea maripa

-

Guinea

Solv: 56%

Attalea spectabilis

-

Brasile

Solv: 62-65%

Cocos nucifera

Coconut - Coco palm - Copra - Noce di cocco

-

Tessuto secco: solv: 65-72%;
Press: 63-65%

Cocos Syagrus

-

Brasile

Solv: 23-32%

Copernicia cerifera

-

Brasile

Solv: 14%

Elaeis guineensis Jacq.

African oil palm - Oil palm nut - Palma africana

-

Solv: 45-50%;
Press: 40-46%

Elaeis melanococca J. Gaertn African palm - Palma africana Sud America Parte carnosa solv: 29%;
Mandorla solv: 40-45%

Euterpe oleracea

-

Brasile

Polpa interna press: 22-54%

Hyphaene thebaica

Doum nut - Vegetable ivory palm

Africa

Solv: 8-14%

Mauritia vinifera

-

Brasile

Mandorla, solv: 48,7%

Maximiliana regia

Cucurite palm - Inaja palm

Brasile, Bolivia

Polpa carnosa solv: 15%;
Mandorla solv: 50-60%

Orbignya oleifera Babassu

Brasile

Solv: 61-68%; Press: 64%

Poligaceae

Polygala butyracea

-

Nigeria

Solv: 32-42%

Salvadoraceae

Salvadora Oleoides

-

India

Solv: 42-45%; Press: 32-35%

Sapindaceae

Blighia sapida

akee

Guinea, Africa occidentale e tropicale, India

-

Nephelium lappaceum

rambutan

-

Solv: 35%

Sapindus trifoliatus

soap nuts

India

Solv: 44-47%

Sapindus trifoliatus

soap nuts

India

Solv: 44-47%

Schleichera Trijuga

lac tree;ceylon oak

India

Seme intero solv: 36%;
Mandorla solv: 68-70%

Sapontaceae

Palquium spp.

gutta percha

Sumatra e Isole del Pacifico

Solv: 37-55%

Illipe latifolia

-

India

Press: 4045%; Solv: 50-55%

Baillonella obovata

-

Africa equatoriale

Solv: 51%

Bassia butyracea

-

India

Mandorla solv: 56%

Bassia Mottleyana

-

Solv: 50-57%

Butyrospermum Parkii

Shea nut - shea butter tree

Africa

Solv: 33-54%

Madhuca longifolia

-

India, Celyon

Mandorla solv: 51%

Mimusops Djave

Djave nut - African pearwood

Africa occidentale e tropicale

Solv: 65-70%

Dumoria Heckeli

-

Solv: 50-55%

Simarubaceae

Irvingia gabonensis

Dika nut - Bread tree - Wild mango

Africa

Semi interi solv: 39%;
Semi sbucciati solv: 55-69%

Irvingia Olivieri

-

Asia

Solv: 58-60%

Picramia tatiri

-

Guatemala, America tropicale

-

Picramnia Carpinterae

-

Guatemala, Costa Rica

Solv: 76%

Picramnia Lindeniana

-

Messico

Solv: 39%

Quassia gabonensis - Africa Solv: 45%
Simmondsiaceae o Buxaceae Simmodsia chinensis Schneider Jojoba - Goatnut - 50%

Sterculiaceae

Theobroma bicolor

-

America

Solv: 55-62%

Theobroma cacao

cocoa;cacao

-

Solv: 53-57%

Theobroma grandiflorum

-

Amazzonia

Semi sbucciati solv: 47%

Vochysiaceae

Prisma Calcaratum

-

Sud Africa

Solv: 53%

Solv: estrazione con solvente - Press: estrazione per pressione



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